Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/18084
Title: Topical amphotericin B in ultradeformable liposomes: Formulation, skin penetration study, antifungal and antileishmanial activity in vitro
Authors: Perez, Ana Paula
Altube, Maria Julia
Schilrreff, Priscila
Apezteguia, Gustavo
Celes, Fabiana Santana
Zacchino, Susana
Oliveira, Camila Indiani de
Romero, Eder Lilia
Morilla, Maria Jose
Affilliation: Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Nanomedicine Research Program. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnologia. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Nanomedicine Research Program. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnologia. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Nanomedicine Research Program. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnologia. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Nanomedicine Research Program. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnologia. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Farmacognosia. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas. Santa Fé, Argentina
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Nanomedicine Research Program. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnologia. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Nanomedicine Research Program. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnologia. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Abstract: Aiming to improve the topical delivery of AmB to treat cutaneous fungal infections and leishmaniasis, ultradeformable liposomes containing amphotericin B (AmB-UDL) were prepared, and structural and functional characterized. The effect of different edge activators, phospholipid and AmB concentration, and phospholipid to edge activator ratio on liposomal deformability, as well as on AmB liposomal content, was tested. Liposomes having Tween 80 as edge activator resulted of maximal deformability and AmB/phospholipid ratio. These consisted of AmB-UDL of 107±8nm diameter, 0.078-polydispersity index and -3±0.2mV Z potential, exhibiting monomeric AmB encapsulated in the bilayer at a 75% encapsulation efficiency. After its cytotoxicity on keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) and macrophages (J774 cells) was determined, the in vitro antifungal activity of AmB-UDL was assayed. It was found that fungal strains (albicans and non-albicans Candida ATCC strains and clinical isolates of C. albicans) were more sensitive to AmB-UDL than mammal cells. Minimum inhibitory concentration values for AmB-UDL were 5-24 and 24-50 times lower than IC50 for J774 and HaCaT cells, respectively. AmB-UDL at 1.25μg/ml also displayed 100 and 75% anti- Leishmania braziliensis promastigote and amastigote activity, respectively. Finally, upon 1h of non-occlusive incubation, the total accumulation of AmB in human skin was 40 times higher when applied as AmB-UDL than as AmBisome. AmB-UDL provided a profound AmB penetration toward deep epithelial layers, achieved without classical permeation enhancers. Because of that, topical treatments of cutaneous fungal infection and leishmaniasis with AmB-UDL may be regarded of potential of clinical significance.
Keywords: Flexible liposomes
Skin delivery
Candida spp
Leishmania braziliensis
Nanomedicine
keywords: Lipossomas flexíveis
Pele
Candida spp
Leishmania braziliensis
Nanomedicina
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: PEREZ, A. P. et al. Topical amphotericin B in ultradeformable liposomes: Formulation, skin penetration study, antifungal and antileishmanial activity in vitro. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, v. 139, p. 190–198, 2016.
DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.12.003
ISSN: 0927-7765
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:CPqGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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